When to use the Futur Simple: the Ultimate Guide in 2021

when to use the futur simple

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In this French grammar lesson we will learn about when to use the futur simple.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • when to use the futur simple
  • how the futur simple is used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on when to use the futur simple
  • how you can download the Anki files for when to use the futur simple

Please refer to the French B1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how this fits in the overall structure of French B1.

Please also read how to form the futur simple, to find out how you can form it.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about when to use the futur simple!

Table of Contents

When to use the Futur Simple

There are 3 cases when you would use the futur simple

  1. Describing future events
  2. In certain constructions about the future
  3. Express a probability in the present (rare)

We will handle all of them, and examples will be given for all of them.

Describing Future Events

You use the futur simple to describe a future event.

construire

Ils construiront notre maison en mars.

They will build our house in March.

se terminer

La pandémie se terminera en septembre.

The pandemic will end in September.

These are both events that will happen in the future.

In Certain Constructions about the Future

When there is a compound sentence in French, both the main clause and the dependent clause will be in the Futur Simple, if they are introduced by some conjunctions.

aussitôt queas soon as
dès queas soon as
lorsquewhen
pendant que*while
quandwhen
tant queas long as

* Pendant que is only valid if it’s about the future.

Please have a look at this sentence.

When I have time, I will go to Montreal.

Both parts of the sentence are about the future.

Yet, you use the present tense for the first part.

When I have time

However, you use the future tense for the second part.

I will go to Montreal.

In French, this is not the case.

avoir / aller

Quand j’aurai le temps, j’irai à Montréal.

When I have time, I will go to Montreal.

In French, both parts of the sentence are in the futur simple.

avoir / téléphoner

Aussitôt que nous aurons la réponse, nous vous téléphonerons.

As soon as we get the answer, we’ll phone you.

être / appeler

Dès que je serai à l’aéroport, je vous appellerai.

As soon as I am at the airport, I’ll call you.

aller / aller

Nous irons regarder le menu pendant que Luca ira chercher nos boissons.

We will have a look at the menu while Luca fetches our drinks.

avoir / aller

Tant que j’aurai la voiture, nous n’irons nulle part.

As long as I have the car, we will not go anywhere.

Express a Probability in the Present

Sometimes avoir and être will be used to express a probability in the present. This will show that something is possibly or likely to be true.

avoir

Mon père n’a pas mes clés. Ma mère les aura probablement.

My father does not have my keys. My mother probably has them.

être

Mon frère n’est pas à la maison. Il sera probablement au travail.

My brother is not home. He is probably at work.

These are both events that possibly could be true.

Example Sentences on When to use the Futur Simple

The final section of this lesson on when to use the futur simple is about seeing futur simple in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding of when to use the futur simple through examples.

construire

Ils construiront notre maison en mars.

They will build our house in March.

se terminer

La pandémie se terminera en septembre.

The pandemic will end in September.

avoir / aller

Quand j’aurai le temps, j’irai à Montréal.

When I have time, I will go to Montreal.

avoir / téléphoner

Aussitôt que nous aurons la réponse, nous vous téléphonerons.

As soon as we get the answer, we’ll phone you.

être / appeler

Dès que je serai à l’aéroport, je vous appellerai.

As soon as I am at the airport, I’ll call you.

aller / aller

Nous irons regarder le menu pendant que Luca ira chercher nos boissons.

We will have a look at the menu while Luca fetches our drinks.

avoir / aller

Tant que j’aurai la voiture, nous n’irons nulle part.

As long as I have the car, we will not go anywhere.

avoir

Mon père n’a pas mes clés. Ma mère les aura probablement.

My father does not have my keys. My mother probably has them.

être

Mon frère n’est pas à la maison. Il sera probablement au travail.

My brother is not home. He is probably at work.

Test Your Knowledge on When to use the Futur Simple

It’s not enough just to read the lesson on this subject.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the test as many times as you want. There’s no limit to it!

Anki File for When to use the Futur Simple

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French B1 you can practice every French B1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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