Semi-regular -cer Verbs Conjugation in The Present Tense (Le Présent)

semi-regular -cer verbs

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In this French grammar lesson we will learn about regular -cer verbs conjugation in the present tense. In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how regular -cer verbs are conjugated in French,
  • how regular -cer verbs are used in French,
  • how regular -cer verbs are pronounced in French,
  • how regular -cer verbs are used in sentences in French,
  • how regular -cer verbs conjugation Anki files can be downloaded.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about regular -cer verbs conjugation in the present tense!

Table of Contents

Semi-regular -cer Verbs Conjugation Table

new endingcommencer (to start)
jeecommence
tuescommences
il/elle/onecommence
nousçonscommençons
vousezcommencez
ils/ellesentcommencent

Semi-regular -cer Verbs Conjugation Method

This section will show you how semi-regular -cer verbs are conjugated. There is a three step method that will make everything very easy for you.

In French some verbs change in the “nous” form so that they are easier to pronounce. The “c” becomes “ç” before the letter “o”. This is done in order to keep the soft c sound before the a/o/u vowels.

In order to conjugate semi-regular -cer verbs in the nous form in the present tense one must:

  1. Find the infintive (full verb)
  2. Cut off the -cer
  3. Add the new ending

In the conjugation table above you can see the verb commencer which means “to start/to begin” in English. We will take this verb and conjugate it in the “nous” form using the three step method.

  1. commencer

The full verb of “to start” is commencer in French

  1. commen

Once you cut of the cer ending all that is left is commen

  1. commençons

When we add the new ending çons the final conjugated form will be commençons

So if we wish to say “we begin” we say:

Nous commençons

Usage of Semi-regular -cer Verbs

French has three regular verb groups

  • regular -er verbs
  • regular -ir verbs
  • regular -re verbs

Semi-regular -cer verbs are a variation on regular -er verbs. That is why the endings are so similar. Here is a list of common verbs that you are sure to encounter in day-to-day life:

annoncerto announce
avancerto move forward
commencerto start
effacerto erase
financerto finance
influencerto influence
lancerto throw
menacerto threaten
placerto place
renoncerto give up

Pronunciation of semi-regular -cer verbs

In this section on regular -cer verbs conjugation we will focus on pronunciation. There are 4 important rules to take into account when we want to pronounce semi-regular -cer verbs in French.

  1. The je, tu, il/elle/on, and ils/elles form all have the same pronunciation. The e, es, and ent endings are not pronounced.

Je commence

Tu commences

Il commence

Elles commencent

All these VERBS have the same exact pronunciation.

  1. The “ç” in the nous form will have a soft pronounciation.

Nous commençons

Please note the soft “ç” sound.

  1. If the first letter of the verb is a vowel or an “h” then we must remove the first “e” in the “je” form and replace this with an apostrophe.

annoncer

Jannonce

Please note how it is NOT “je annonce”. This would be wrong.

We don’t pronounce the “e” in “je” but immediately move onto the “a” sound of “annonce

  1. If the first letter of the verb is a vowel then we must perform a liason. This means that the final “s” of nous, vous, ils, elles will have a “z” sound.

annoncer

Nous annonçons

Vous annoncez

Ils annoncent

Please note how the final “s” in all of the subject pronouns sounds like a “z”

Example Sentences with Semi-regular -cer Verbs

The final section of this lesson on regular -cer verbs conjugation is about seeing it in action, so you can improve your understanding on how regular -cer verbs are used in practice. Here are some example sentences that show how regular -cer verbs are used French.

annoncer

J’annonce ma candidature pour 2016.

I’m announcing my candidacy for 2016.

avancer

Ça dépend de comment tu avances.

It’s about how you move on.

effacer

Efface ce commentaire.

Delete this comment.

financer

Certains projets que nous finançons sont superbes.

Some of the projects we fund are superb.

influencer

Vous influencez la police, maintenant.

You’re influencing the police now.

renoncer

Les deux parties renoncent à leurs droits à un procès avec jury.

Both parties waive their rights to a jury trial.

Anki File for Semi-regular -cer Verbs

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can better remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Verbs. This only has the verbs for French A1.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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