Tenir Conjugation in the Passé Composé

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In this French grammar lesson we will learn about tenir conjugation in the passe composé, as well as how the derivatives of tenir are conjugated in the passé composé

Tenir means “to hold/to keep” and is a irregular -ir verb.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how tenir in the passé composé is conjugated in French,
  • how tenir in the passé composé is pronounced in French,
  • which derivatives tenir has in French,
  • how tenir in the passé composé is used in sentences in French,
  • how you can immediately test your knowledge on tenir conjugation in the passé composé
  • how tenir conjugation in the passé composé Anki files can be downloaded.

Please refer to the French A2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar if you are curious about how tenir fits in French A2 grammar.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about tenir conjugation in the passé composé.

Table of Contents

Tenir Conjugation in the Passé Composé


Tenir and its Derivatives

French InfinitiveTranslationPast Participle
appartenirto belongappartenu
convenirto agree / to suitconvenu
contenirto containcontenu
devenir*to becomedevenu
obtenir to obtainobtenu
parvenir*to manage/to achieveparvenu
retenirto retain / to hold backretenu
revenir*to come backrevenu
soutenirto supportsoutenu
tenirto hold/ to keeptenu
venir*to comevenu

As you can see this group of -enir verbs has important verbs that you should be aware of.

All of these verbs are conjugated in the same way.

You can see them in action in the example sentence chapter.

* The verbs with an asterisk are conjugated with être in the passé comoposé.

Pronunciation of Tenir Conjugations

In this section on tenir conjugation in the passé composé we will focus on pronunciation.

There is 1 important rule to take into account when we want to pronounce a tenir conjugation in the passé composé.

  1. The particip passé is pronounced in the same way for all the verbs. The last letter that you will hear is the u.

J’ai tenu

Tu as tenu

Il a tenu

Nous avons tenu

Vous avez tenu

Ils ont tenu

As you can see particip passé has the same pronunciation in every phrase.

Example Sentences with Tenir Conjugation in the Passé Composé

The final section of this lesson on tenir conjugation in the passé composé is about seeing tenir in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding of tenir conjugation in the passé composé through examples.


J’ai tenu compte de ce qu’il disait.

I took note of what he was saying.


Je sais que tu as obtenu récemment un nouveau poste.

I know you recently got a new job.


Il a retenu son souffle.

He held his breath.


Nous avons soutenu le mouvement anti-apartheid.

We supported the anti-apartheid movement.


Vous n’avez pas tenu votre parole.

You didn’t keep your word.


Ils m’ont tenu pour responsable.

They held me responsible.

Test Your Knowledge on Tenir Conjugation in the Passé Composé

It’s not enough just to read the article on this subject.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want. There’s no limit to it!

Anki File for Tenir Conjugation in the Passé Composé

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A2 you can practice every French A2 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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