How to form the Subjonctif Passé [+5 Examples]

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In this French grammar lesson you will learn about how to form the subjonctif passé.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to form the subjonctif passé in French
  • how the subjonctif passé is used in sentences in French
  • how you can quiz yourself on how to form the subjonctif passé
  • how Anki files can be downloaded on the topic of how to form the subjonctif passé

Please refer to the French B2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how this fits in the overall structure of French B2.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to form the subjonctif passé!

Table of Contents

How to form the Subjonctif Passé

avoir / être subjonctif présent
que j’aie / soisparticip passé
que tuaies / soisparticip passé
qu’il/elle/onait / soitparticip passé
que nousayons / soyonsparticip passé
que vousayez / soyezparticip passé
qu’ils/ellesaient / soientparticip passé

The 3 Step Method To Forming the Subjonctif Passé

In order to form the subjonctif passé one must:

  1. Determine whether to use avoir or être
  2. Conjugate avoir/être in the subjonctif présent
  3. Add the particip passé

The verb parler means “to speak” in English.

We will take this verb and conjugate it in the “je” form using the three step method.

  1. avoir will be used

The lesson on agreement counts here as well.

If it is a verb that you can find in the mnemonic Dr Mrs Vandertramp, or a reflexive verb, then you will use être.

If you cannot find it, or if it is not a reflexive verb, then you will use avoir.

In this case, we cannot find it, and it is not a reflexive verb.

Thus we will use avoir.

  1. aie

The je form of avoir in the subjonctif présent is aie.

  1. parlé

The particip passé of parler is parlé.

So, the je form of parler in the subjonctif passé is:

que j’aie parlé

Example Sentences on How to form the Subjonctif Passé

The final section of this lesson on how to form the subjonctif passé is about seeing the subjonctif passé in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to form the subjonctif passé through examples.


Il ne croit pas que je sois allé à l’école hier.

He doesn’t believe that I went to school yesterday.


J’ai été soulagé que vous ayez pu comprendre mon mauvais anglais.

I was relieved that you were able to understand my bad English.


Je ne crois pas que nous ayons été présentés.

I don’t believe we’ve been introduced.


C’est l’été le plus chaud que nous ayons eu en cinquante ans.

This is the hottest summer we’ve had in fifty years.


Ils sont heureux que vous soyez parti.

They are happy that you have left.

Quiz Yourself on How to Form the Subjonctif Passé

It’s not enough to just read this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for How to Form the Subjonctif Passé

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French B2, you can practice every French B2 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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