How to form the Subjonctif Passé [+5 Examples & Quiz]

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In this French grammar lesson you will learn about how to form the subjonctif passé.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to form the subjonctif passé in French
  • how the subjonctif passé is used in sentences in French
  • how you can quiz yourself on how to form the subjonctif passé
  • how to practice with flashcards on the topic of how to form the subjonctif passé
  • how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn French

Please refer to the French B2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how this fits in the overall structure of French B2.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to form the subjonctif passé!

Table of Contents

How to form the Subjonctif Passé

avoir / être subjonctif présent
que j’aie / soisparticip passé
que tuaies / soisparticip passé
qu’il/elle/onait / soitparticip passé
que nousayons / soyonsparticip passé
que vousayez / soyezparticip passé
qu’ils/ellesaient / soientparticip passé

The 3 Step Method To Forming the Subjonctif Passé

In order to form the subjonctif passé one must:

  1. Determine whether to use avoir or être
  2. Conjugate avoir/être in the subjonctif présent
  3. Add the particip passé

The verb parler means “to speak” in English.

We will take this verb and conjugate it in the “je” form using the three step method.

  1. avoir will be used

The lesson on agreement counts here as well.

If it is a verb that you can find in the mnemonic Dr Mrs Vandertramp, or a reflexive verb, then you will use être.

If you cannot find it, or if it is not a reflexive verb, then you will use avoir.

In this case, we cannot find it, and it is not a reflexive verb.

Thus we will use avoir.

  1. aie

The je form of avoir in the subjonctif présent is aie.

  1. parlé

The particip passé of parler is parlé.

So, the je form of parler in the subjonctif passé is:

que j’aie parlé

Example Sentences on How to form the Subjonctif Passé

The final section of this lesson on how to form the subjonctif passé is about seeing the subjonctif passé in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to form the subjonctif passé through examples.


Il ne croit pas que je sois allé à l’école hier.

He doesn’t believe that I went to school yesterday.


J’ai été soulagé que vous ayez pu comprendre mon mauvais anglais.

I was relieved that you were able to understand my bad English.


Je ne crois pas que nous ayons été présentés.

I don’t believe we’ve been introduced.


C’est l’été le plus chaud que nous ayons eu en cinquante ans.

This is the hottest summer we’ve had in fifty years.


Ils sont heureux que vous soyez parti.

They are happy that you have left.

Quiz Yourself on How to Form the Subjonctif Passé

At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!

How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson

Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!

It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.

Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information.

There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.

  1. Anki
  2. The Flashcards in our Courses

After you have downloaded Anki for free, you can get our French B2 Anki Deck.

This Anki Deck contains 1,964 flashcards with which you can practice absolutely everything for French B2!

All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.

You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!

However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?

The Courses of Language Atlas

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So I thought, “why not make something myself?“.

Using my experience and by doing research I created Language Atlas, a platform where people can learn French and Spanish in the most effective and efficient way.

I created free lessons and quizzes so that there would always be a easy and accessible way for people to learn or brush up on their language skills.

However, I also created courses that are much more comprehensive and in-depth.

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