In this Spanish grammar lesson you will learn about verbs that change i to y in the preterite
In this lesson you will learn about:
- verbs that change i to y in the preterite
- how verbs that change i to y in the preterite are used in sentences in Spanish
- how you can quiz yourself on verbs that change i to y in the preterite
- how to practice with flashcard on verbs that change i to y in the preterite
- how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn Spanish
By the end of the lesson you will know all about verbs that change i to y in the preterite!
Table of Contents
Introduction to Verbs that Change I to Y in the Preterite
There are certain –er and –ir verbs that have a vowel right before the infinitive ending.
These verbs conjugate a bit differently in the preterite.
Those verbs change –i to –y in the preterite. However, this only happens in the él/ella/usted form and in the ellos/ellas/ustedes form.
Also, in all other forms in the preterite, the –i turns into an –í (with an accent). Normally you would only see this in the yo form.
Verbs That Change I to Y in the Preterite Conjugation Table
|leer (to read)|
Here are some examples of verbs that change –i to –y in the preterite:
Yo creí que vendrías el sábado.
I thought you were coming on Saturday.
¿Leíste el libro que te regalaron por tu cumpleaños?
Did you read the book you got for your birthday? [=tú]
Juan creyó que nos habíamos ido sin él.
Juan thought we had left without him.
Mi hija leyó el nuevo libro de Harry Potter en solo dos días.
My daughter read the new Harry Potter book in just two days.
Nosotros creímos que ellos se habían divorciado.
We thought they had divorced.
¿Vosotros leísteis el comunicado de la empresa?
Did you read the company’s press release?
Ustedes proveyeron a este colegio con mucho material escolar.
You provided this school with a lot of school supplies.
Verbs Ending with Uir not Preceded by G
There are some verbs that end with –uir and that are not preceded by a –g. (e.g. construir).
These verbs only change –i to –y in the él/ella/usted form and in the ellos/ellas/ustedes form.
This also means that you will only see the –í in to yo form.
Verbs Ending with Uir not Preceded by G Conjugation Table
|construir (to build)|
Here are some examples of –uir verbs that change –i to –y in the preterite:
Yo construí esta casa con mis propias manos.
I built this house with my own hands.
Tú huiste cuando la tormenta empezó
You fled when the storm started.
El perro destruyó los papeles que había encima de la mesa.
The dog destroyed the papers on the table.
Nosotros distribuimos la comida entre todos los alumnos.
We distributed the food among all the students.
Vosotros construisteis esta familia.
You built this family.
Los gatos huyeron al escuchar el portazo.
The cats ran away when they heard the door slam.
Ustedes distribuyeron su sabiduría por todo el mundo.
You distributed your wisdom all over the world.
List of Verbs That Change I to Y in the Preterite
|caer(se)||to fall down|
|construir||to build, construct|
|fluir||to flow, run|
|huir||to flee, run away|
Quiz Yourself on Verbs That Change I to Y in the Preterite
At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.
You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.
You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.
Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.
You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!
How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson
Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!
It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.
Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information on flashcards and the best way to learn a new language.
There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.
- The Flashcards in our Courses
Anki is a free software with which you can create and practice flashcards.
After you have downloaded Anki for free, you can get our Spanish A2 Anki Deck.
This Anki Deck contains 3,568 flashcards with which you can practice absolutely everything for Spanish A2.
All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.
You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!
However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?
The Courses of Language Atlas
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Using my experience and by doing research I created Language Atlas, a platform where people can learn French and Spanish in the most effective and efficient way.
I created free lessons and quizzes so that there would always be an easy and accessible way for people to learn or brush up on their language skills.
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