In this French grammar lesson, you will learn about é-consonant-er verbs conjugation in the present tense.
In this lesson you will learn about:
- how é-consonant-er verbs are conjugated in French
- the common é-consonant-er verbs in French
- how é–consonant-er verbs are pronounced in French
- how é-consonant-er verbs conjugation is used in sentences in French
- how é-consonant-er verbs conjugation Anki files can be downloaded
- how you can quiz yourself on é-consonant-er verbs conjugation
By the end of the lesson, you will know all about é-consonant-er verbs conjugation in the present tense!
Table of Contents
é-consonant-er Verbs Conjugation Table
|new ending||gérer (to manage)|
é-consonant-er Verbs Conjugation Method
There is a four-step method that will make é-consonant-er verbs conjugation very easy for you.
In order to conjugate verbs that end with é-consonant-er in the present tense one must:
- Find the infinitive (full verb)
- Cut off the -er ending
- Add the new ending (e, es, e, ons, ez, ent)
- Use the “è” instead of the “é“, EXCEPT if you use the nous or vous form
In the conjugation table above you can see the verb gérer which means “to manage” in English.
We will take this verb and conjugate it in the “je” form using the four step method.
The full verb of “to manage” is gérer in French.
Once you cut of the er ending all that is left is gér.
When we add the new ending e its becomes gére.
However, because it is a é-consonant-er verb we have to switch to an accent grave on the é making it è.
So if you wish to say “I manage” you’d say:
In French some verbs end with é-consonant-er such as gérer.
If you look at the verb gérer you can see that there is an accent on the first “e” which makes it an é.
When we conjugate gérer we have to change this “é” to an “è” for all forms EXCEPT the nous and vous form.
Common é-consonant-er Verbs
French has three regular verb groups
- regular -er verbs
- regular -ir verbs
- regular -re verbs
é-consonant-er verbs are a variation on regular -er verbs. That is why the endings are so similar.
Here is a list of common verbs that you are sure to encounter in day-to-day life:
Pronunciation of é-consonant-er Verbs Conjugation
In this section on é-consonant-er verbs conjugation we will focus on pronunciation.
There are 4 important rules to take into account when you want to pronounce verbs that end with é-consonant-er in French.
- The je, tu, il/elle/on, and ils/elles verb forms all have the same pronunciation. The -e, –es, and -ent endings are not pronounced. In this case, it is just the “gèr” part that gets pronounced. The “è” has a short sound.
These verbs are all pronounced in the same exact way.
You don’t pronounce the letters in red.
- In the nous and vous form the “é” has a longer drawn out sound
Please note the longer “e” sound.
- In the je form, there’s a special rule. If the first letter of the verb is a vowel or a silent “h“, then you must remove the “e” of “je” and replace this with an apostrophe.
Because the “e” of “je” disappeared, you then don’t have to pronounce that “e” anymore.
Please note how it is NOT “je espére“. This would be wrong.
- If the first letter of the verb is a vowel or a silent “h“, then we must perform a liaison. This happens in the nous, vous, and ils/elles form. This means that the final “s” of nous, vous, and ils/elles will have a “z” sound.
Please note how the final “s” in all of the subject pronouns sounds like a “z”
Example Sentences with é-consonant-er Verbs Conjugation
The final section of this lesson on é-consonant-er verbs conjugation is about seeing the verbs in action.
This is valuable because you can improve your understanding of é-consonant-er verbs conjugation through examples.
A la minute où je cède, elle prend tout le contrôle.
The minute I give in, she takes control.
C’est ce que je considère comme le plus important.
That’s what I consider to be the most important thing.
Tu penses qu’il exagère ?
Do you think he’s exagerating?
Nous possédons une voiture.
We own a car.
Vous léchez votre glace
You are licking your ice cream
Tous les agriculteurs espèrent faire des profits raisonnables.
All farmers hope to make a reasonable profit.
Quiz Yourself on é-consonant-er Verbs Conjugation
It’s not enough to just read this lesson.
You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.
It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and practice them.
At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.
You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.
You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.
Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.
You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!
Anki File for é-consonant-er Verbs Conjugation
It is important to do the Anki exercises for this lesson so that you can better remember what you just studied.
By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.
You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Verbs. This only has the verbs for French A1.
If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.
Anki can be downloaded from here.