French Calendar: How to talk about Days, Months, Years, and Dates

the french calendar

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In this grammar lesson you will learn about the French calendar.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • the French calendar: days & weeks
  • the French calendar: months
  • the French calendar: years
  • the French calendar: dates
  • how all the times unites are used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on the French calendar
  • how you can download Anki files for the French calendar

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this fits in French A1.

By the end of the lesson, you will know all about the French calendar!

Table of Contents

the French Calendar: Days & Weeks

lundiMonday
mardiTuesday
mercrediWednesday
jeudiThursday
vendrediFriday
samediSaturday
dimancheSunday
la semainethe week
le week-endthe weekend

In French, the days of the week don’t begin with a capital letter.

Also, when you mention a day in the week, you always have to use le before it.

Je déteste le lundi.

I hate Mondays.

Le samedi est mon jour préféré.

Saturday is my favourite day.

Le mercredi, je joue au football.

On Wednesday, I play football.

[This is called soccer in U.S. English]

The only time when you don’t have to put le before a day is when you mention a one time event, or ask which day it is.

Je vais au musée mardi.

I am going to the museum on Tuesday.

Dimanche, je vais au cinéma.

Sunday, I am going to the cinema.

Quel jour sommes-nous ?  Aujourd’hui, nous sommes jeudi

What day is it? – Today it’s Thursday.

the French Calendar: Months

janvierJanuary
févrierFebruary
marsMarch
avrilApril
maiMay
juinJune
juilletJuly
aoûtAugust
septembreSeptember
octobreOctober
novembreNovember
décembreDecember

In French, the months don’t begin with a capital letter.

Mon anniversaire est en septembre.

My birthday is in September.

La réunion a lieu en mars.

The meeting is in March.

Août est mon mois préféré.

August is my favourite month.

the French Calendar: Years

There are two ways to pronounce years before 2000.

  1. You can pronounce years before 2000 as a full number: thousands + hundreds + tens + ones

1922

mille neuf cent vingtdeux

1984

mille neuf cent quatre-vingtquatre

1776

mille sept cent soixanteseize

  1. You can pronounce years before 2000 by spliting at the hundreds: hundreds + tens + ones

1922

dix-neuf cent vingtdeux

1984

dix-neuf cent quatre-vingtquatre

1776

dix-sept cent soixanteseize

The years after 2000 can only be pronounced in one way.

  1. You can pronounce years after 2000 only as a full number: thousands + hundreds + tens + ones

2005

deux mille cinq

2010

deux mille dix

2125

deux mille cent vingtcinq

Please read numbers in French if you are having some difficulties with numbers in French.

the French Calendar: Dates

If you want to mention a date in French you have to use the following idiom:

  • le+ number + month + year

le 2 août 2008

2nd August, 2008

le 3 mars 2020 

3rd March, 2013

le 4 février 2015

4th February, 2015

As you can see, in French you use deux (2), trois (3), quatre (4…) and not deuxième (2e), troisième (3e), quatrième (4e…) for dates.

This is consistent for all numbers except for the 1st.

le 1er juin 2000

1st of June 2000

Finally there’s one more thing that you should be aware of.

You say le onze and not l’onze

le 11 octobre

le onze octobre

11th of October

Examples Sentences on the French Calendar

The final section of this lesson on the French calendar is about seeing the time units in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on the French calendar through examples.

Je déteste le lundi.

I hate Mondays.

Je vais au musée mardi.

I am going to the museum on Tuesday.

Le mercredi, je joue au football.

On Wednesday, I play football.

[This is called soccer in U.S. English]

Dimanche, je vais au cinéma.

Sunday, I am going to the cinema.

Le samedi est mon jour préféré.

Saturday is my favourite day.

Mon anniversaire est en septembre.

My birthday is in September.

La réunion a lieu en mars.

The meeting is in March.

Août est mon mois préféré.

August is my favourite month.

C’est l’an 2020.

It’s the year 2020.

En l’an 2005.

In the year 2005.

le 2 août 2008

2nd August, 2008

le 3 mars 2020 

3rd March, 2013

le 4 février 2015

4th February, 2015

le 28 décembre 2020 

28th December, 2020

le 1er juin 2000

1st of June 2000

le 11 octobre

le onze octobre

11th of October

1922

mille neuf cent vingtdeux

1984

mille neuf cent quatre-vingtquatre

1776

mille sept cent soixanteseize

1922

dix-neuf cent vingtdeux

1984

dix-neuf cent quatre-vingtquatre

1776

dix-sept cent soixanteseize

2005

deux mille cinq

2010

deux mille dix

2125

deux mille cent vingtcinq

Quel jour sommes-nous ?  Aujourd’hui, nous sommes jeudi.

What day is it? – Today it’s Thursday.

Quiz Yourself on the French Calendar

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for the French Calendar

It is important to do the Anki exercises for this lesson so that you can better remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas. This is recommended as you will have every lesson that you need. You shouldn’t miss out on the complete learning experience!

You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Idioms. This only has the idioms for French A1.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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