In this French grammar lesson we will learn about reflexive verbs conjugation in the present tense. In this lesson you will learn about:
- how reflexive verbs are conjugated in French,
- how reflexive verbs are used in French,
- how reflexive verbs are used in sentences in French,
- how reflexive verbs conjugation Anki files can be downloaded.
By the end of the lesson you will know all about reflexive verbs conjugation in the present tense!
Table of Contents
Reflexive Verbs Conjugation Table
Reflexive Verbs Conjugation Method
This section will show you how to conjugate reflexive verbs. There is a three step method that will make everything very easy for you
In French some verbs have “se” in front of them. These verbs need to be conjugated differently than normal verbs (those without the “se”). When we conjugate a reflexive verb, we also have to conjugate the pronoun.
In order to conjugate reflexive verbs in the present tense one needs to:
- Find the infintive (full verb)
- Add the right reflexive pronoun
- Conjugate the verb
In the conjugation table above you can see the the pronouns. For this example we will take “se lever” which means “to get up/to raise” in English. We will take this verb and conjugate it in the “je” form using the three step method.
- se lever
The full verb of “to get up” is se lever in French
- me lever
Because we are conjugation in the “je” form we will take “me“
- me leve
When we conjugate the verb we get the new ending e so its becomes leve
So if we wish to say “I get up” we must say:
Je me leve
Should the verb begin with a vowel or an h then the procedure is slighty different. In the je, tu, il/elle/on, and ils/elles form we drop the “e” of the pronoun and replace it with an apostrophe.
To dress yourself in French is “s’habiller“. Should you want to conjugate this in the “je” form then you should use the same exact procedure as above and you’d get:
You can see that the me changes into m’ as the verb begins with an h.
Please note that it is WRONG to say: je me habille.
Usage of Reflexive Verbs
In French there are some verbs that have the reflexive pronoun “se” in front of it. When a verb has a “se” in front of it, the action is done to one self. To illustrate this I will use a verb that can work as a normal verb and as a reflexive verb.
Chaque jour, je me lève à 8 heures
Every day I get up at 8
Je lève la main quand j’ai une question
I raise my hand when I have a question
In the first sentence the verb means that the speaker itself is getting up. The verb applies to the speaker. In the second sentence it’s just a body part of the speaker. The difference is small, however in time this will become easier to recognize.
How can you know when to use a reflexive verb or not?
If the verb is done to the speaker then it is generally safe to assume that you have to a reflexive verb. When you start learning French more and more it becomes easier to distinguish when to use one.
Can all verbs be used as reflexive verbs? No, this only applies to some. Here is a list of common reflexive verbs that you are sure to encounter in day-to-day life:
|se coucher||to go to bed|
|se demander||to wonder|
|s’habiller||to get dressed|
|se lever||to get up|
Example Sentences with Reflexive Verbs
The final section of this lesson on reflexive verbs conjugation is about seeing it in action, so you can improve your understanding on how reflexive verbs are used in practice. Here are some example sentences that show how reflexive verbs are used French.
Chaque jour, je me lève à 8 heures
Every day I get up at 8 a.m.
Tous les soirs, tu te couches à 23:00.
Every night you go to bed at 23:00.
Elle s’habille comme ça tous les jours.
She dresses like that every day.
Nous nous demandons pourquoi ils sont si en colère
We wonder why they are so angry
Et vous vous demandez pourquoi je déteste le dentiste.
And you wonder why I hate the dentist.
Les gens s’amusent de différentes manières.
People have fun in different ways.
Anki File for Reflexive Verbs Conjugation
It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can better remember what you just studied.
By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.
You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Verbs. This only has the verbs for French A1.
If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.
Anki can be downloaded from here.