How to form the Subjunctive in French [+6 Examples]

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In this French grammar lesson you will learn about how to form the subjunctive in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to form the subjunctive in French
  • how the subjunctive is used in sentences in French
  • how you can quiz yourself on how to form the subjunctive in French
  • how to practice with flashcards on how to form the subjunctive in French
  • how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn French

Please refer to the French B2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how this fits in the overall structure of French B2.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to form the subjunctive in French!

Table of Contents

How to form the Subjunctive in French

ending
que j’/je[ils form in the present indicative] – [ent] e
que tu[ils form in the present indicative] – [ent]es
qu’il/elle/on[ils form in the present indicative] – [ent]e
que nous[ils form in the present indicative] – [ent]ions
que vous[ils form in the present indicative] – [ent]iez
qu’ils/elles[ils form in the present indicative] – [ent]ent

The 3 Step Method To Forming the Subjunctive

In order to form the subjunctive one must:

  1. Find the ils form of the verb in the present indicative
  2. Remove the -ent ending
  3. Add the new ending (e, es, e, ions, iez, ent)

The verb parler means “to speak” in English.

We will take this verb and conjugate it in the “je” form using the three step method.

  1. parlent

The ils form of parler in the present indicative is parlent.

  1. parl

When we remove the –ent ending we get parl.

  1. parle

When we add the new ending we get parle.

So, the je form of parler in the subjunctive is:

que je parle

Example Sentences on How to form the Subjunctive in French

The final section of this lesson on how to form the subjunctive in French is about seeing the subjunctive in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to form the subjunctive through examples.

connaître

connaissent -> connaiss -> connaisse

Il southaite que je connaisse ses enfants.

He wants me to know his children.

jouer

jouent -> jou -> joues

Il veut que tu joues une symphonie de Mozart.

He wants you to play a Mozart symphony.

éteindre

éteignent -> éteign -> éteigne

Il faut qu’il éteigne la lampe.

He has to turn off the lamp.

étudier

étudient -> étudi -> étudiions

Il faut que nous étudiions sa proposition.

We need to study his proposal.

parler

parlent -> parl -> parliez

Il faut que vous parliez clairement.

You must speak clearly.

boire

boivent -> boiv -> boivent

Je doute qu’ils boivent moins d’alcool.

I doubt they drink less alcohol.

Quiz Yourself on How to form the Subjunctive in French

At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!

How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson

Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!

It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.

Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information.

There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.

  1. Anki
  2. The Flashcards in our Courses

After you have downloaded Anki for free, you can get our French B2 Anki Deck.

This Anki Deck contains 1,964 flashcards with which you can practice absolutely everything for French B2!

All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.

You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!

However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?

The Courses of Language Atlas

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So I thought, “why not make something myself?“.

Using my experience and by doing research I created Language Atlas, a platform where people can learn French and Spanish in the most effective and efficient way.

I created free lessons and quizzes so that there would always be a easy and accessible way for people to learn or brush up on their language skills.

However, I also created courses that are much more comprehensive and in-depth.

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