A Complete Guide to Spanish Adjectives [+36 Examples & Quiz]

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In this Spanish grammar lesson, you will learn how to form Spanish adjectives.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to form Spanish adjectives
  • how Spanish adjectives are used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on Spanish adjectives
  • how you can practice with flashcards on Spanish adjectives
  • how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn Spanish

By the end of the lesson you will know all about Spanish adjectives!

Table of Contents

How to Form Spanish Adjectives

  1. Masculine singular is the default form and this tends to end with –o. This becomes –a for feminine singular. The plural forms add –s at the end.

Here are some examples with lento (slow):

El chico es lento.

The boy is slow.

La chica es lenta.

The girl is slow.

Los hombres son lentos.

The men are slow.

Las mujeres son lentas.

The women are slow,

  1. When Spanish adjectives end with –a or –e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms. The plural form is created by adding an –s at the end.

Here are some examples with grande (big):

El hospital es grande.

The hospital is big.

La montaña es grande.

The mountain is big.

Los hospitales son grandes.

The hospitals are big.

Las montañas son grandes.

The mountains are big.

  1. Most Spanish adjectives that end with –z or –l have no difference between the masculine and feminine form. The plural form is created by adding –es at the end. However, the letter –z changes to –c.

Here are some singular examples:

Ana es fiel a sus principios.

Ana is true to her principles.

Carlos es fiel a sus principios.

Carlos is true to his principles.

Tu hermana parece infeliz.

Your sister looks unhappy.

Tu hermano parece infeliz.

Your brother looks unhappy.

Here are some singular and plural examples:

Desde que te casaste te veo muy feliz.

Since you got married you seem very happy. (you=tú)

Desde que os casasteis os veo muy felices.

Since you got married I see you both very happy.

Desde que ellas se mudaron las veo muy felices.

Since they moved in I see them very happy.

Tú eres capaz de cualquier cosa.

You are capable of anything.

Vosotros sois capaces de cualquier cosa.

You are capable of anything.

Vosotras sois capaces de cualquier cosa.

You are capable of anything.

Fumar marihuana es legal en algunos países.

Smoking marijuana is legal in some countries.

Los matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo son legales.

Same-sex marriages are legal.

Las corridas de toros deberían ser ilegales.

Bullfighting should be illegal.

La Iglesia es leal a la corona.

The Church is loyal to the Crown.

Los perros son los animales más leales.

Dogs are the most loyal of animals.

Las ministras son leales al gobierno.

The (female) ministers are loyal to the government.

The adjective “español” ( Spanish) is an important exception to this:

El hombre español.

The Spanish man.

La mujer española.

The Spanish woman.

Los hombres españoles.

The Spanish men.

Las mujeres españolas.

The Spanish women.

  1. Most Spanish adjectives that end with –n or –r, form the feminine singular by adding an –a, the masculine plural by adding –es, and the feminine plural by adding –as.

Here are some examples with holgazán (lazy):

Tengo un hermano holgazán.

I have a lazy brother.

Tengo una hermana holgazana.

I have a lazy sister.

Tenemos dos hermanos holgazanes.

We have two lazy brothers.

Tenemos dos hermanas holgazanas.

We have two lazy sisters.

Here are some examples with hablador (talkative):

Conozco a un hombre hablador.

I know a talkative man.

Conozco a una mujer habladora.

I know a talkative woman.

Conocemos a muchos hombres habladores.

We know many talkative men.

Conocemos a muchas mujeres habladoras.

We know many talkative women.

Example Sentences on Spanish Adjectives

This section of the lesson on Spanish adjectives is about seeing them used in sentences.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding of Spanish adjectives through examples.

El chico es lento.

The boy is slow.

La chica es lenta.

The girl is slow.

Los hombres son lentos.

The men are slow.

Las mujeres son lentas.

The women are slow,

El hospital es grande.

The hospital is big.

La montaña es grande.

The mountain is big.

Los hospitales son grandes.

The hospitals are big.

Las montañas son grandes.

The mountains are big.

Ana es fiel a sus principios.

Ana is true to her principles.

Carlos es fiel a sus principios.

Carlos is true to his principles.

Tu hermana parece infeliz.

Your sister looks unhappy.

Tu hermano parece infeliz.

Your brother looks unhappy.

Desde que te casaste te veo muy feliz.

Since you got married you seem very happy. (you=tú)

Desde que os casasteis os veo muy felices.

Since you got married I see you both very happy.

Desde que ellas se mudaron las veo muy felices.

Since they moved in I see them very happy.

Tú eres capaz de cualquier cosa.

You are capable of anything.

Vosotros sois capaces de cualquier cosa.

You are capable of anything.

Vosotras sois capaces de cualquier cosa.

You are capable of anything.

Fumar marihuana es legal en algunos países.

Smoking marijuana is legal in some countries.

Los matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo son legales.

Same-sex marriages are legal.

Las corridas de toros deberían ser ilegales.

Bullfighting should be illegal.

La Iglesia es leal a la corona.

The Church is loyal to the Crown.

Los perros son los animales más leales.

Dogs are the most loyal of animals.

Las ministras son leales al gobierno.

The (female) ministers are loyal to the government.

El hombre español.

The Spanish man.

La mujer española.

The Spanish woman.

Los hombres españoles.

The Spanish men.

Las mujeres españolas.

The Spanish women.

Tengo un hermano holgazán.

I have a lazy brother.

Tengo una hermana holgazana.

I have a lazy sister.

Tenemos dos hermanos holgazanes.

We have two lazy brothers.

Tenemos dos hermanas holgazanas.

We have two lazy sisters.

Conozco a un hombre hablador.

I know a talkative man.

Conozco a una mujer habladora.

I know a talkative woman.

Conocemos a muchos hombres habladores.

We know many talkative men.

Conocemos a muchas mujeres habladoras.

We know many talkative women.

Quiz Yourself on Spanish Adjectives

At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!

How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson

Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!

It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.

Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information on flashcards and the best way to learn a new language.

There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.

  1. Anki
  2. The Flashcards in our Courses

Anki is a free software with which you can create and practice flashcards.

After you have downloaded Anki for free, you can get our Spanish A2 Anki Deck.

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All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.

You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!

However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?

The Courses of Language Atlas

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