How to Use Colours in French: The Ultimate Guide

colours in French

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In this grammar lesson you will learn how to use colours in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • what the colours are in French
  • how to use colours in French
  • how colours are used in French sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on colours in French
  • how to download Anki files for colours in French

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this fits in French A1.

By the end of the lesson, you will know all about how to use colours in French!

Table of Contents

Overview of Colours in French

Masculine SingularFeminine
Singular
Masculine PluralFeminine Plural
whiteblancblancheblancsblanches
bluebleubleuebleusbleues
dark brownbrunbrunebrunsbrunes
greygrisgrisegrisgrises
yellowjaunejaunejaunesjaunes
brownmarronmarronmarronmarron
orangeorangeorangeorangeorange
blacknoirnoirenoirsnoires
pinkroseroserosesroses
redrougerougerougesrouges
greenvertvertevertsvertes
purplevioletviolettevioletsviolettes

The masculine endings are in blue, and the feminine endings are in pink.

Generally speaking the following rules apply:

  • in the feminine singular form an e is added,
  • in the masculine plural form an s is added,
  • in the feminine plural form an es is added.

The colours yellow (jaune), orange, pink (rose), and red (rouge) remain the same in the feminine singular form, because they end with a mute -e.

The colours brown (marron) and orange don’t change.

How to Use Colours in French

Adjectives of simple colours must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

As you can see in the table above, there is a different form of adjective depending on the gender and number.

Please take a look at the following examples to get a practical understanding on how to use colours in French.

J’ai un placard blanc et une chaise blanche.

I have a white closet and a white chair.

J’ai une voiture bleue et deux vélos bleus.

I have a blue car and two blue bicycles.

J’ai une chemise orange et un sac orange.

I have an orange shirt and an orange bag.

J’ai un téléphone noir et deux guitares noires.

I have a black phone and two black guitars.

Il a un costume violet et des chaussures violettes.

He has a purple suit and some purple shoes.

Elle a les yeux marron et les cheveux bruns.

She has brown eyes and brown hair.

As you can see, the colour changes depending on the gender and number of the noun.

Please note that in French, brun will be used to describe hair, skin and fur, and marron for everything else.

Example Sentences with Colours in French

The final section of this lesson on how to use colours in French is about seeing the colours in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to use colours in French through examples.

J’ai un placard blanc et une chaise blanche.

I have a white closet and a white chair.

J’ai une voiture bleue et deux vélos bleus.

I have a blue car and two blue bicycles.

J’ai une chemise orange et un sac orange.

I have an orange shirt and an orange bag.

J’ai un téléphone noir et deux guitares noires.

I have a black phone and two black guitars.

Il a un costume violet et des chaussures violettes.

He has a purple suit and some purple shoes.

Elle a les yeux marron et les cheveux bruns.

She has brown eyes and brown hair.

Nous avons deux lampes rouges et une porte rouge.

We have two red lamps and a red door.

Quiz Yourself on Colours in French

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for Colours in French

It is important to do the Anki exercises for this lesson so that you can better remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas. This is recommended as you will have every lesson that you need. You shouldn’t miss out on the complete learning experience!

You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Adjectives and Adverbs. This only has the adjectives and adverbs for French A1.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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