How To Use Stress Pronouns [Explanation + 10 Examples]

how to use stress pronouns

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In this French grammar lesson, you will learn how to use stress pronouns.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • subject pronouns versus stress pronouns
  • what stress pronouns are
  • how to use stress pronouns
  • how stress pronouns are used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on how to use stress pronouns
  • how to practice with flashcards on how to use stress pronouns
  • how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn French

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this fits in French A1.

By the end of the lesson, you will know all about how to use stress pronouns!

Table of Contents

Subject Pronouns versus Stress Pronouns

Subject PronounsStress Pronouns
je
I
moi
me
tu
you
toi
you
il
he
lui
him
elle
she
elle
her
nous
we
nous
us
vous
you
vous
you
ils
they
eux
them
elles
they [all female]
elles
they [all female]

The first step to know how to use stress pronouns is to actually see them.

In the left column you can see the subject pronouns that you have already learnt.

In the right column you can the new stress pronouns.

As you can see half of the subject pronouns change in the list of stress pronouns.

The changes are highlighted in blue.

But, you may be thinking, what are stress pronouns, and how do you use them?

The following chapters are dedicated to those questions!

What are Stress Pronouns?

Stress pronouns are pronouns that put an extra emphasis on a subject or object.

Toi, tu dois sauter maintenant !

You, [yes] you need to jump now!

In this sentence ‘you’ needs to jump. There could be a big group of people, but the speaker wants to put an emphasis on someone.

To put it simply, if you want to emphasize someone, this is what you use.

How to use Stress Pronouns

In this chapter we are going to explore how to use stress pronouns.

For French A1, you just need to know these 3 use cases.

  1. Extra emphasis

Ma mère a 55 ans. Moi, j’ai 25 ans.

My mom is 55 years old. I am 25.

Toi, tu dois sauter maintenant !

You, [yes] you need to jump now!

Je veux un hamburger mais elle, elle veut une pizza.

I want a hamburger, but she wants a pizza.

Je vais faire mes devoirs pendant que vous, vous jouez avec le bébé.

I am going to do my homework while you play with the baby.

Please notice that in all the sentences, the stress pronoun has been used to put an extra emphasis on a person.

Sometimes a pronoun has been repeated twice. In the last two examples this has been done.

This is just a stylistic choice to show you where the emphasis has been put.

Those sentences would also have been correct without the repetition in pronouns.

So, if you want to put an extra emphasis on a person you should use stress pronouns.

  1. Very simple sentences

C’est lui et elle !

It’s him and her!

Pas nous !

Not us!

Non, pas eux !

No, not them!

So, in simple sentences, where you want to put an emphasis on a person, stress pronouns will be used.

  1. Single word reply

Elles? Vraiment?

Them? Really?

Qui veut du vin ? Nous !

Who wants some wine? We!

Qui est votre frère. Lui.

Who is your brother. Him.

So, if you have to give a single word reply, and you have to refer to a person, then stress pronouns will be used.

Example Sentences on How to Use Stress Pronouns

The final section of this lesson on how to use stress pronouns is about seeing stress pronouns in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding of stress pronouns through examples.

The ten sentences here are the same ones as in the previous chapter, but order from the moi form to the elles form.

This can serve, as a complete and ordered overview, of all the sentenes used in this lesson on how to use stress pronouns.

Ma mère a 55 ans. Moi, j’ai 25 ans.

My mom is 55 years old. I am 25.

Toi, tu dois sauter maintenant !

You, [yes] you need to jump now!

C’est lui et elle !

It’s him and her!

Qui est votre frère. Lui.

Who is your brother. Him.

Je veux un hamburger mais elle, elle veut une pizza.

I want a hamburger, but she wants a pizza.

Qui veut du vin ? Nous !

Who wants some wine? We!

Pas nous !

Not us!

Je vais faire mes devoirs pendant que vous, vous jouez avec le bébé.

I am going to do my homework while you play with the baby.

Non, pas eux !

No, not them!

Elles? Vraiment?

Them? Really?

Quiz Yourself on How to Use Stress Pronouns

At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Fill in the Blank!Ma mère a 55 ans. , j’ai 25 ans. [My mom is 55 years old. I am 25.]
Fill in the Blank!C’est et elle ! [It’s him and her!]
Fill in the Blank!Pas ! [Not us!]

 
Fill in the Blank!Non, pas ! [No, not them!]
Fill in the Blank!Qui est votre frère. . [Who is your brother. Him.]

How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson

Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!

It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.

Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information on flashcards and the best way to learn a new language.

There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.

  1. Anki
  2. The Flashcards in our Courses

Anki is a free software with which you can create and practice flashcards.

After you have downloaded Anki for free, you can get our French A1 Anki Deck.

This Anki Deck contains 3,764 flashcards with which you can practice absolutely everything for French A1.

All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.

You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!

However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?

The Courses of Language Atlas

Have you ever wondered what the best way is to learn a new language?

I have been learning languages for over 20+ years and I was always frustrated with books, courses, and classes that I had tried.

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I created free lessons and quizzes so that there would always be a easy and accessible way for people to learn or brush up on their language skills.

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