How to Form Inverted Questions in French [+15 Examples & Quiz]

How to Form Inverted Questions in French

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In this grammar lesson you will learn how to form inverted questions in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to form inverted questions in French
  • how to form inverted questions in French for closed questions
  • how to form inverted questions in French for open questions
  • how the inverted form is used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on how to form inverted questions in French
  • how to practice with flashcards on how to form inverted questions in French
  • how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn French

Please refer to the French A2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this lesson fits in French A2.

By the end of the lesson, you will know all about how to form inverted questions in French!

Table of Contents

How to Form Inverted Questions in French

You have already seen a few examples on how to form inverted questions in French, when you read the lesson on how to ask questions in French.

In this lesson, you will learn in detail, how to form inverted questions in French!

To form inverted questions in French, you put the subject pronoun (je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles) after the verb, and then insert an hyphen in-between the verb and the subject pronoun.

Tu es heureux ? -> Estu heureux ?

Are you happy? -> Are you happy?

You will learn how to do this for both closed and open questions, and the variations that exist in French.

Closed Questions

Please look at some closed questions that are inverted.

  • verb + hyphen + je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles

Tu es heureux ? -> Estu heureux ?

Are you happy? -> Are you happy?

Vous aimez les chats ? -> Aimezvous les chats ?

Do you like cats? -> Do you like cats?

Vous avez un chien ? -> Avezvous un chien ?

Do you have a dog? -> Do you have a dog?

Ils ont des enfants ? -> Ontils des enfants ?

Do they have children? -> Do they have children?

So far it’s a simple process.

However, for questions with il, elle, and on the method is different.

When a verb ends with a vowel, then a t must be inserted in-between the verb and the il, elle, and on with hypens on either side.

  • verb + -t- + il, elle, on

Il parle espagnol ? -> Parle-t-il espagnol ?

Does he speak Spanish? -> Does he speak Spanish?

Elle aime la soupe ? -> Aime-t-elle la soupe ?

Does she like soup? -> Does she like soup?

On parle français ici ? Parle-t-on français ici ?

Is French spoken here? Is French spoken here?

This happens because the t makes the sentence easier to pronounce.

You don’t have to add a t if the verb already ends with a t or a d.

Open Questions

We explored some question words (combien, comment, où, pourqoui, quand, and que) in the lesson on how to ask questions in French.

You will use these question words to ask an open question in French that is inverted.

  • question word + verb + hyphen + je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles

Que veuxtu ?

What do you think?

Combien d’options avonsnous ?

How many option do we have?

Que détestezvous ?

What do hate?

Pourquoi criezvous ?

Why are you shouting?

Quand partentils ?

When are they leaving?

Just as in closed questions, you will need to add a t when a verb ends with a vowel, for questions with il, elle, and on.

  • question word + verb + -t- + il, elle, on

Comment va-t-il ?

How is he?

va-t-elle ?

Where is she going?

Que cherche-t-on ?

What are we looking for?

Example Sentences on How to Form Inverted Questions in French

The final section of this lesson on how to form inverted questions in French is about seeing the questions in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to form inverted questions in French through examples.

Here you can find the sentences of the previous chapters, neatly stored in one place.

Tu es heureux ? -> Estu heureux ?

Are you happy? -> Are you happy?

Vous aimez les chats ? -> Aimezvous les chats ?

Do you like cats? -> Do you like cats?

Vous avez un chien ? -> Avezvous un chien ?

Do you have a dog? -> Do you have a dog?

Ils ont des enfants ? -> Ontils des enfants ?

Do they have children? -> Do they have children?

Il parle espagnol ? -> Parle-t-il espagnol ?

Does he speak Spanish? -> Does he speak Spanish?

Elle aime la soupe ? -> Aime-t-elle la soupe ?

Does she like soup? -> Does she like soup?

On parle français ici ? Parle-t-on français ici ?

Is French spoken here? Is French spoken here?

Que veuxtu ?

What do you want?

Qu’aimestu?

What do you like?

Combien d’options avonsnous ?

How many option do we have?

Pourquoi criezvous ?

Why are you shouting?

Quand partentils ?

When are they leaving?

Comment va-t-il ?

How is he?

va-t-elle ?

Where is she going?

Que cherche-t-on ?

What are we looking for?

Quiz Yourself on How to Form Inverted Questions in French

At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!

How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson

Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!

It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.

Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information on flashcards and the best way to learn a new language.

There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.

  1. Anki
  2. The Flashcards in our Courses

Anki is a free software with which you can create and practice flashcards.

After you have downloaded Anki, you can get our French A2 Anki Deck.

This Anki Deck contains 3,816 flashcards with which you can practice absolutely everything for French A2.

All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.

You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!

However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?

The Courses of Language Atlas

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