Ce que vs Ce qui: How to use them [+11 Examples]

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In this French grammar lesson you will learn about ce que vs ce qui.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to use ce que
  • how to use ce qui
  • ce que vs ce qui
  • how the relative pronouns are used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on ce que vs ce qui
  • how Anki files can be downloaded for ce que vs ce qui

Please refer to the French B1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how this fits in the overall structure of French B1.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about ce que vs ce qui!

Table of Contents

How to use Ce que

Ce que” means the following in French:

  • ce que = what

Je sais ce que je fais.

I know what I’m doing.

Je dis ce que je pense.

I say what I think.

Ce que tu fais est illégal.

What you’re doing is illegal.

Nous savons ce que Marc cherche.

We know what Marc is looking for.

Nous devenons ce que nous pensons.

We become what we think.

Vous savez ce que je veux.

You know what I want.

You will use ce que when the word that follows is/represents a person (je, tu, Marc…) or a thing (voiture, pommes, magazines).

How to use Ce qui

Ce qui” means the following in French:

  • ce qui = what

Je sais ce qui s’est passé.

I know what happened.

J’ai fait ce qui était nécessaire.

I did what was necessary.

Fais ce qui est juste.

Do what is right

Do the right thing.

C’est ce qui me rend nerveux.

That’s what makes me nervous.

Comprenez-vous ce qui se passe ?

Do you understand what is going on

You will use ce qui when the following word is a verb (est, a, fait…) or a reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, lui, le, la, nous, vous, leur, les).

Ce que vs Ce qui: The Rule of Thumb

The easiest way to know, if you have to use ce que or ce qui is to look at the word that follows.

If the word that follows IS a verb or a reflexive pronoun, then you will use ce qui.

If the word that follows IS NOT a verb or a reflexive pronoun, then you will use ce que.

Example Sentences for Ce que vs Ce qui

The final section of this lesson on ce que vs ce qui is about seeing the relative pronouns in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on ce que vs ce qui through examples.

Here you can find the sentences of the previous chapters on ce que vs ce qui, neatly stored in one place.

Je sais ce que je fais.

I know what I’m doing.

Je dis ce que je pense.

I say what I think.

Ce que tu fais est illégal.

What you’re doing is illegal.

Nous savons ce que Marc cherche.

We know what Marc is looking for.

Nous devenons ce que nous pensons.

We become what we think.

Vous savez ce que je veux.

You know what I want.

Je sais ce qui s’est passé.

I know what happened.

J’ai fait ce qui était nécessaire.

I did what was necessary.

Fais ce qui est juste.

Do what is right

Do the right thing.

C’est ce qui me rend nerveux.

That’s what makes me nervous.

Comprenez-vous ce qui se passe ?

Do you understand what is going on

Quiz Yourself on Ce que vs Ce qui

It’s not enough to just read this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and practice them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!

Anki File for Ce que vs Ce qui

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A2 you can practice every French A2 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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