The 3 Types of Adjectives that go before Nouns in French

adjectives that go before nouns in French

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In this grammar lesson you will learn about the 3 types of adjectives that go before nouns in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • adjectives in French
  • short and typical adjectives that go before nouns in French
  • adjectives that qualify a proper noun
  • numerical adjectives
  • how adjectives are used in French sentences
  • how you can immediately test your knowledge on adjectives that go before nouns in French
  • how to download Anki files for adjectives that go before nouns in French

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how these adjectives fit in A1 grammar.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how adjectives that go before nouns in French

Table of Contents

Introduction to Adjectives

In French, most adjectives go after the noun.

So, all you need to know, are the adjectives that go before a noun.

If you know what goes before a noun, then you automatically know that everything else will be after the noun.

In this lesson you will learn the the 3 types of adjectives that go before nouns in French!

Short and Typical Adjectives that go Before Nouns

Most adjectives that have 2 or fewer syllabes go before the noun.

Here is a list of the most useful adjectives that go before nouns in French.

Masculine/Feminine FormsTranslation
beau / bellebeautiful / handsome
bon / bonnegood
bref / brèvebrief, short
grand / grandebig, tall
gros / grossebig, fat
haut / hautehigh
joli / joliepretty
mauvais / mauvaisebad
nouveau / nouvellenew
petit / petitesmall, little
vilain / vilaineugly, nasty / naughty

Le beau prince.

The handsome prince.

Le grand homme.

The big man.

Le jeune président.

The young president.

The jolie fille.

The pretty girl.

La nouvelle maison.

The new house.

Adjectives that Qualify a Proper Noun

A proper noun is a noun that starts with a capital letter.

In French, adjectives go before a proper noun.

Le rusé Jack Sparrow.

The cunning Jack Sparrow.

Le puissant Arès.

The powerful Ares.

L’intelligente Minerve.

The intelligent Minerva.

Numerical Adjectives

When numbers are used as adjectives, they go before the noun.

Ma première fois.

My first time.

Ma deuxième tentative.

My second attempt.

Un triple tour.

A triple spin.

Example Sentences with Adjectives that go Before Nouns in French

The final section of this lesson on adjectives that go before nouns in French is about seeing the adjectives and nouns in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on adjectives that go before nouns in French through examples.

Le beau prince.

The handsome prince.

Le grand homme.

The big man.

Le jeune président.

The young president.

The jolie fille.

The pretty girl.

Le mauvais choix.

The bad choice.

La nouvelle maison.

The new house.

Le rusé Jack Sparrow.

The cunning Jack Sparrow.

Le puissant Arès.

The powerful Ares.

L’intelligente Minerve.

The intelligent Minerva.

Ma première fois.

My first time.

Ma deuxième tentative.

My second attempt.

Un triple tour.

A triple spin.

Test Your Knowledge on Adjectives that go Before Nouns in French

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for Adjectives that go Before Nouns in French

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1 you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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