French Prepositions for Countries [Explanation + 13 Examples]

French Prepositions for Countries

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In this grammar lesson you will learn French prepositions for countries.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • French prepositions for countries that are masculine
  • French prepositions for countries that are feminine
  • French prepositions for countries that are plural
  • how French prepositions for countries are used in French sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on French prepositions for countries
  • how to download Anki files for French prepositions for countries

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this fits in French A1.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about French prepositions for countries!

Table of Contents

Introduction

In the lesson on how to identify the gender of nouns, you learnt that countries and continents have gender.

You have also learnt that you have to use à, to say that you are going to or are in a city.

In this lesson, you will learn how to say that you are going to or are in a country.

French Prepositions for Countries that are Masculine

If you want to say that you are going to, or are in a masculine country, then you will use au.

Je vais au Canada.

I am going to Canada.

Elle est au Brésil.

She is in Brazil.

Nous allons au Danemark.

We are going to Denmark.

Ils sont au Royaume-Uni.

They are in the United Kingdom.

If however, a masculine country starts with a vowel, then you will use en.

J’ai un ami en Iraq.

I have a friend in Iraq.

Quand allons-nous en Iran ?

When are we going to Iran?

French Prepositions for Countries that are Feminine

If you want to say that you are going to, or are in a feminine country, then you will use en.

Je suis en France en ce moment.

I am in France right now.

Vous voulez aller en Russie ?

Do you want to go to Russia?

Vous voulez aller en Russie ?

Do you want to go to Russia?

Je vais en Allemagne demain.

I am going to Germany tomorrow.

J’aimerais aller en Australie.

I would like to go to Australia.

French Prepositions for Countries that are Plural

If you want to say that you are going to, or are in a plural country, then you will use aux.

J’aimerais vivre aux Pays-Bas.

I would like to live in the Netherlands.

Tu es aux États-Unis en ce moment, n’est-ce pas ?

You are in the United States right now, aren’t you?

Elles vont aux Philippines ce soir.

They are going to the Philippines this evening.

Sentences Overview of French Prepositions for Countries

The final section of this lesson on French prepositions for countries is about seeing the prepositions in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on French prepositions for countries through examples.

Je vais au Canada.

I am going to Canada.

J’ai un ami en Iraq.

I have a friend in Iraq.

Je suis en France en ce moment.

I am in France right now.

Je vais en Allemagne demain.

I am going to Germany tomorrow.

J’aimerais aller en Australie.

I would like to go to Australia.

J’aimerais vivre aux Pays-Bas.

I would like to live in the Netherlands.

Tu es aux États-Unis en ce moment, n’est-ce pas ?

You are in the United States right now, aren’t you?

Elle est au Brésil.

She is in Brazil.

Nous allons au Danemark.

We are going to Denmark.

Quand allons-nous en Iran ?

When are we going to Iran?

Vous voulez aller en Russie ?

Do you want to go to Russia?

Ils sont au Royaume-Uni.

They are in the United Kingdom.

Elles vont aux Philippines ce soir.

They are going to the Philippines this evening.

Quiz Yourself on French Prepositions for Countries

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for French Prepositions for Countries

It is important to do the Anki exercises for this lesson so that you can better remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas. This is recommended as you will have every lesson that you need. You shouldn’t miss out on the complete learning experience!

You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Prepositions and Conjunctions. This only has the prepositions and conjunctions for French A1.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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