How to Use Possessive Adjectives in French

how to use possessive adjectives in french

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In this grammar lesson you will learn about the how to use possessive adjectives in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • possessive adjectives
  • how to use possessive adjectives in French
  • how possessive adjectives are used in French sentences
  • how you can immediately test your knowledge on how to use possessive adjectives in French
  • the way to download Anki files for how to use possessive adjectives in French

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how these possessive adjectives fit in A1 grammar.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to use possessive adjectives in French!

Table of Contents

Possessive Adjectives Table

Masculine & SingularFeminine & SingularMas+Fem Plural
mymonma/monmes
yourtonta/tontes
his/hersonsa/sonses
ournotrenotrenos
your (plural)votrevotrevos
theirleurleurleurs

If a feminine and singular noun starts with a vowel or a mute h, then you will use the possessive adjectives highlighted in blue.

une mère-> ma mère

une histoire -> mon histoire

une amie -> mon amie

How to Use Possessive Adjectives in French

The possessive adjective is determined by the gender and the number of the noun, and NOT by the gender of the owner.

In English you can say:

Carla loves her husband.

Looking at the table you may expect the following

Carla aime sa marie. [wrong]

However, this is wrong.

You are thinking that because it’s HER husband, you have to use sa

But in French, the gender/number of the possessive adjective is determined by the noun.

le marie

the husband

In this case the noun is masculine.

So, the correct answer would be

Carla aime son mari.

Carla loves her husband.

Please also take a look at the following example.

l’étoile (fem)

Son étoile pâlit.

… star is fading

Is it his or her?

Well, we don’t know.

Al we know is that star is feminine and singular (l’étoile).

So, it depends on the context.

l’étoile (fem)

Son étoile pâlit.

His star is fading.

Her star is fading

This method is not intuitive if you are a native English speaker.

So, please reread this lesson when you are done.

Also, take a look at the following sentences to get a practical understanding on how to use possessive adjectives in French.

la mère

J’entends ma mère.

I hear my mother.

l’amie (fem)

J’aime bien mon amie.

I like my friend. [friendship]

le cœur

Ouvre ton cœur.

Open your heart.

la réponse

Merci pour ta réponse.

Thank you for your reply.

Ses chaussettes sont grises.

His socks are gray.

Her socks are gray.

C’est notre maison.

That’s our house.

Nos condoléances.

Our condolences.

J’admire votre bravoure.

I admire your bravery.

Ce sont vos options.

Those are your options.

C’est leur stratégie.

That’s their strategy.

Ils aiment leurs enfants.

They love their children.

Example Sentences on How to Use Possessive Adjectives in French

The final section of this lesson on how to use possessive adjectives in French is about seeing the possesssive adjectives in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how use possessive adjectives in French through examples.

la mère

J’entends ma mère.

I hear my mother.

l’amie (fem)

J’aime bien mon amie.

I like my friend. [friendship]

Mes chiens sont blancs.

My dogs are white.

le cœur

Ouvre ton cœur.

Open your heart.

la réponse

Merci pour ta réponse.

Thank you for your reply.

J’aime tes yeux !

I like your eyes!

Carla aime son mari.

Carla loves her husband.

l’étoile (fem)

Son étoile pâlit.

His star is fading.

Ses chaussettes sont grises.

His socks are gray.

Her socks are gray.

C’est notre maison.

That’s our house.

Nos condoléances.

Our condolences.

J’admire votre bravoure.

I admire your bravery.

Ce sont vos options.

Those are your options.

C’est leur stratégie.

That’s their strategy.

Ils aiment leurs enfants.

They love their children.

Test Your Knowledge on How to Use Possessive Adjectives in French

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for How to Use Possessive Adjectives in French

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1 you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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