French Prepositions for Regions, States and Provinces = Dans le/En

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In this grammar lesson you will learn the French prepositions for regions, states, and provinces.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • French prepositions for regions that are masculine
  • French prepositions for regions that are feminine
  • how French prepositions for regions are used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on French prepositions for regions, states, and provinces
  • how to download Anki files for French prepositions for regions, states, and provinces

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this fits in French A1.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about the French prepositions for regions, states, and provinces!

Table of Contents

Introduction

In the lesson on how to identify the gender of nouns, you learnt that countries and continents have gender.

You have also learnt that you have to use à, to say that you are going to or are in a city.

Furthermore, you have learnt that you will use en/au/aux, to say that you are going to or are in countries and continents.

Now let’s look at the rules for regions, states and provinces!

French Prepositions for Regions, States, and Provinces that are Masculine

If you want to say that you are going to, or are in a masculine region/state/province, then you will use dans le.

Tu es dans le Michigan ?

Are you in Michigan?

Je crois qu’ils habitent dans le Vermont

I think they live in Vermont.

Il vit dans le Nevada.

He lives in Nevada.

If however, a masculine region/state/province starts with a vowel, or a mute h, then you will use dans l’ or en.

You can also use en because this makes some places easier to pronounce.

Je vais dans l’État de New York.

I am going to the state of New York.

Ils sont dans l’Ohio.

They are in Ohio.

Aujourd’hui, vous allez en Illinois !

Today, you are going to Illinois!

Elle veut aller en Ontario.

She wants to go to Ontario.

The state of Texas and New-Mexico are masculine, but are an expection to the rule. These states have to use au.

Je vais au Texas cet après-midi.

I am going to Texas this afternoon.

Carol vit au Nouveau-Mexique.

Carol lives in New Mexico.

Quebec is also an exception. It is a province in Canada, but in French grammar it is seen as a country.

David vit au Québec.

David lives in Quebec.

French Prepositions for Regions, States, and Provinces are Feminine

If you want to say that you are going to, or are in a feminine region/state/province, then you will use en.

Ils vont en Alberta.

They are going to Alberta.

Mon mari va en Californie en décembre prochain.

My husband is going to California this december.

Pensez-vous qu’il y a des francophones qui vivent en Louisiane ?

Do you think that there are French speakers living in Louisiana?

Example Sentences on French Prepositions for Regions, States, and Provinces

The final section of this lesson on the French prepositions for regions, states, and provinces is about seeing the prepositions in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on the French prepositions for regions, states, and provinces through examples.

Je crois qu’ils habitent dans le Vermont

I think they live in Vermont.

Je vais dans l’État de New York.

I am going to the state of New York.

Je vais au Texas cet après-midi.

I am going to Texas this afternoon.

Tu es dans le Michigan ?

Are you in Michigan?

Il vit dans le Nevada.

He lives in Nevada.

Elle veut aller en Ontario.

She wants to go to Ontario.

Mon mari va en Californie en décembre prochain.

My husband goes to California this december.

Carol vit au Nouveau-Mexique.

Carol lives in New Mexico.

David vit au Québec.

David lives in Quebec.

Aujourd’hui, vous allez en Illinois !

Today, you are going to Illinois!

Ils vont en Alberta.

They are going to Alberta.

Ils sont dans l’Ohio.

They are in Ohio.

Pensez-vous qu’il y a des francophones qui vivent en Louisiane ?

Do you think that there are French speakers living in Louisiana?

Quiz Yourself on French Prepositions for Regions, States, and Provinces

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for French Prepositions for Regions, States, and Provinces

It is important to do the Anki exercises for this lesson so that you can better remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1, you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas. This is recommended as you will have every lesson that you need. You shouldn’t miss out on the complete learning experience!

You can also choose to just get the Anki File for French A1 Prepositions and Conjunctions. This only has the prepositions and conjunctions for French A1.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or if you don’t know what Anki is, then please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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