Weather in French = Il fait [adjective] + Il y a [noun]

weather in french

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In this grammar lesson, you will learn how to talk about the weather in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to talk about the weather in French: il fait [adjective] versus il y a [noun]
  • il fait [adjective]
  • il y a [noun]
  • how the weather in French is used in sentences
  • how you can quiz yourself on the weather in French
  • how to practice with flashcards on the weather in French
  • how and why you should use the courses of Language Atlas to learn French

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about this fits in French A1.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to talk about the weather in French!

Table of Contents

Weather in French: Il fait [adjective] versus Il y a [noun]

When talking about the weather in French, you will need to know two idioms:

  1. il fait [adjective]
  2. il y a [noun]

You have to use the right idiom depending on what you want to say.

In the following chapters you will find out which expression goes with which idiom.

Weather in French: Il fait [adjective]

If you want to talk about the weather in French, then you can use the following idiom:

  • il fait + [adjective]

You are literally saying “it does + adjective”.

Please take a look at the following examples to get a practical understanding of the weather in French.

Il fait froid.

It is cold.

Il fait beau.

The weather is nice.

Il fait mauvais.

The weather is bad.

Il fait trop chaud.

It is too hot.

Il fait bon.

The weather is nice.

Il fait très froid.

It is very cold.

You may wonder, what the difference is between il fait beau and il fait bon.

Il fait beau is about the appearance of the weather (e.g. blue sky). If everything looks good, then you’d use this.

Il fait bon is about the feel of the weather (e.g. warm). If everything feels pleasant then you’d use this.

Weather in French: Il y a [noun]

If you want to talk about the weather in French, then you have to use the following idiom:

  • il y a + [noun]

You are literally saying “there is” + noun.

Il y a du vent.

It is windy.

[lit: There is some wind]

Il y a de l’orage.

It is stormy.

[lit: There is some storm]

Il y a de la brume.

It’s misty.

[lit. There is some mist]

Il y a de la pluie.

It’s rainy.

[lit: There is some rain.]

Il y a du soleil.

It is sunny today.

[lit: There is some sun.]

Il y a des nuages.

It is cloudy.

lit: There are some clouds.]

Il y a du brouillard.

It is foggy.

[lit: There is some fog.]

As you can see, you are always using the word some.

This means that you have to use the correct word for some in French.

So, the following possibilites arise:

  • Il y a + du / de la / de l’ / des + noun.

Examples Sentences on the Weather in French

The final section of this lesson on the weather in French is about seeing the idioms in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on the weather in French through examples.

Here you can see the all the sentences of the previous two chapters, neatly organised in one place.

Il fait froid.

It is cold.

Il fait beau.

The weather is nice.

Il fait mauvais.

The weather is bad.

Il fait trop chaud.

It is too hot.

Il fait bon.

The weather is nice.

Il fait très froid.

It is very cold.

Il y a du vent.

It is windy.

[lit: There is some wind.]

Il y a de l’orage.

It is stormy.

[lit: There is some storm.]

Il y a de la brume.

It’s misty.

[lit. There is some mist]

Il y a de la pluie.

It’s rainy.

[lit: There is some rain.]

Il y a du soleil.

It is sunny today.

[lit: There is some sun.]

Il y a des nuages.

It is cloudy.

[lit: There are some clouds.]

Il y a du brouillard.

It is foggy.

[lit: There is some fog.]

Quiz Yourself on the Weather in French

At the end of every lesson you can do a small quiz.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Fill in the Blank!Il .

The weather is nice.
Fill in the Blank!Il .

It is very cold.
Fill in the Blank!Il y a .

It is foggy.

[lit: There is some fog.]

How to Practice With Flashcards for This Lesson

Using flashcards is an absolute necessity when it comes to learning a language!

It is the best way to memorize what you learn, you can personalize your progression because it adapts to your actions, and all flashcards have audio to improve your hearing and pronunciation.

Please read our article on how to learn a new language for more information on flashcards and the best way to learn a new language.

There are two ways to practice with Flashcards for this lesson.

  1. Anki
  2. The Flashcards in our Courses

Anki is a free software with which you can create and practice flashcards.

After you have downloaded Anki for free, you can get our French A1 Anki Deck.

This Anki Deck contains 3,764 flashcards with which you can practice absolutely everything for French A1.

All the flashcards have text, images, explanations, and audio.

You can also use our courses that have flashcards integrated alongside lessons with audio, quizzes and much more!

However, I am sure you are wondering, what are your courses, and why should I take them?

The Courses of Language Atlas

Have you ever wondered what the best way is to learn a new language?

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So I thought, “why not make something myself?“.

Using my experience and by doing research I created Language Atlas, a platform where people can learn French and Spanish in the most effective and efficient way.

I created free lessons and quizzes so that there would always be a easy and accessible way for people to learn or brush up on their language skills.

However, I also created courses that are much more comprehensive and in-depth.

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