Weather in French: Il fait (adjective) + Il y a (noun)

weather in french

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In this grammar lesson you will learn how to talk about the weather in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to talk about the weather in French: il fait (adjective) versus il y a (noun)
  • il fait (adjective)
  • il y a (noun)
  • how the weather in French is used in sentences
  • how you can immediately test your knowledge on the weather in French
  • how you can download Anki files for the weather in French.

Please refer to the French A1 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how these idioms fit in French A1 grammar.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to talk about the weather in French!

Table of Contents

Weather in French: Il fait (adjective) versus Il y a (noun)

When talking about the weather in French, you will need to know two idioms:

  1. il fait (adjective)
  2. il y a (noun)

You have to use the right idiom depending on what you want to say.

In the following chapters you will find out which expression goes with which idiom.

Weather in French: Il fait (adjective)

If you want to talk about the weather in French, then you can use the following idiom:

  • il fait + (adjective)

You are literally saying “it does + adjective”.

Please take a look at the following examples to get a practical understanding of the weather in French.

Il fait froid.

It is cold.

Il fait beau.

The weather is nice.

Il fait mauvais.

The weather is bad.

Il fait trop chaud.

It is too hot.

Il fait bon.

The weather is nice.

Il fait très froid.

It is very cold.

You may wonder, what the difference is between il fait beau and il fait bon.

Il fait beau is about the appearance of the weather (e.g. blue sky). If everything looks good, then you’d use this.

Il fait bon is about the feel of the weather (e.g. warm). If everything feels pleasant then you’d use this.

Weather in French: Il y a (noun)

If you want to talk about the weather in French, then you have to use the following idiom:

  • il y a + (noun)

You are literally saying “there is” + noun.

Il y a du vent.

It is windy.

[lit: There is some wind]

Il y a de l’orage.

It is stormy.

[lit: There is some storm]

Il y a de la brume.

It’s misty.

[lit. There is some mist]

Il y a de la pluie.

It’s rainy.

[lit: There is some rain.]

Il y a du soleil.

It is sunny today.

[lit: There is some sun.]

Il y a des nuages.

It is cloudy.

lit: There are some clouds.]

Il y a du brouillard.

It is foggy.

[lit: There is some fog.]

As you can see, you are always using the word some.

This means that you have to use the correct word for some in French.

So, the following possibilites arise:

  • Il y a + du / de la / de l’ / des + noun.

Examples Sentences on the Weather in French

The final section of this lesson on the weather in French is about seeing the idioms in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on the weather in French through examples.

Here you can see the all the sentences of the previous two chapters, neatly organised in one place.

Il fait froid.

It is cold.

Il fait beau.

The weather is nice.

Il fait mauvais.

The weather is bad.

Il fait trop chaud.

It is too hot.

Il fait bon.

The weather is nice.

Il fait très froid.

It is very cold.

Il y a du vent.

It is windy.

[lit: There is some wind.]

Il y a de l’orage.

It is stormy.

[lit: There is some storm.]

Il y a de la brume.

It’s misty.

[lit. There is some mist]

Il y a de la pluie.

It’s rainy.

[lit: There is some rain.]

Il y a du soleil.

It is sunny today.

[lit: There is some sun.]

Il y a des nuages.

It is cloudy.

[lit: There are some clouds.]

Il y a du brouillard.

It is foggy.

[lit: There is some fog.]

Test Your Knowledge on the Weather in French

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for the Weather in French

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A1 you can practice every French A1 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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