How to Position Object Pronouns in Compound Tenses

how to position object pronouns in compound tenses

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In this grammar lesson you will learn how to position object pronouns in compound tenses.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • what compound tenses are in French
  • how to position object pronouns in compound tenses
  • how to use object pronouns in French in sentences
  • how to quiz yourself on how to position object pronouns in compound tenses
  • the way to download Anki files for how to position object pronouns in compound tenses

Please refer to the French A2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how this fits in A2 grammar.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to position object pronouns in compound tenses!

Table of Contents

Table of Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns

Subject PronounDirect Object PronounIndirect Object Pronoun
jeme/m’me/m’
tute/t’te/t’
ille/l’lui
ellela/l’lui
nousnousnous
vousvousvous
ils/elleslesleur

What the are Compound Tenses in French

You may have been a bit confused as to what “compound tenses” mean.

Compound tenses are tenses that are made up of two parts:

  1. the conjugated auxiliary verb (either avoir or être)
  2. the past participle.

The only compound tense that you currently know is the passé composé.

So for now, this lesson only applies to the passé composé.

However, when you progress on your French journey, you will meet a few more compound tenses.

How to Position Object Pronouns in Compound Tense

If there is a sentence with a verb conjugated in a compound tense, then both direct and indirect object pronouns are positioned in the following way:

  • Subject of the verb + object pronoun + conjugated auxiliary verb of either avoir or être + past participle

Je lui ai parlé.

I talked to her.

Jean t’a donné mes clés hier.

Jean gave you my keys yesterday.

Il m’a parlé.

He talked to me.

Nous les avons laissés là pour vous.

We left them there for you.

J’ai regardé le match hier. – Vous l’avez regardé aussi ?

I watched the match yesterday. – Did you watch it too?

Ils leur ont posé la même question.

They asked them the same question.

Please don’t forget that le/la becomes l’, if the pronoun is followed by a vowel or mute h.

Sentences Overview of How to Position Object Pronouns in Compound Tenses

The final section of this lesson on how to position object pronouns in compound tenses is about seeing the object pronouns in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to position object pronouns in compound tenses through examples.

Hear you can see all of the sentences of the previous chapter, neatly stored in one place.

Je lui ai parlé.

I talked to her.

Jean t’a donné mes clés hier.

Jean gave you my keys yesterday.

Il m’a parlé.

He talked to me.

Nous les avons laissés là pour vous.

We left them there for you.

J’ai regardé le match hier. – Vous l’avez regardé aussi ?

I watched the match yesterday. – Did you watch it too?

Ils leur ont posé la même question.

They asked them the same question.

Quiz Yourself on How to Position Object Pronouns in Compound Tenses

It’s not enough just to read the article on this lesson.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and do them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want.

Anki File for How to Position Object Pronouns in Compound Tenses

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson, so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A2 you can practice every French A2 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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