How to Precisely Express Punctuality in French

how to precisely express punctuality in French

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In this grammar lesson you will learn how to precisely express punctuality in French.

In this lesson you will learn about:

  • how to say that one is early in French
  • how to say that one is late in French
  • how the idioms are used in sentences
  • how you quiz yourself on how to precisely express punctuality in French
  • the way Anki files can be downloaded for how to precisely express punctuality in French

Please refer to the French A2 Curriculum to get a better overview of French grammar, if you are curious about how to precisely express punctuality in French fits in French A2 grammar.

By the end of the lesson you will know all about how to precisely express punctuality in French!

Table of Contents

Introduction

In the first lesson on how to express punctuality, you learnt how to say early and late in French.

You learn that to say that you are early, you will use the following idiom:

  • (être) en avance = (to be) early

You also learnt that to say that you are late, you will use the following idiom:

  • (être) en retard = (to be) late

In this lesson you will learn how to precisely express punctuality in French.

How To Precisely Say That You Are Early

There are two ways to precisely express “being early” in French:

  • avoir [time duration] d’avance
  • être en avance de [time duration]

Il a dix minutes d’avance.

He is ten minutes early.

Elle est en avance de quinze minutes.

She is fifteen minutes early.

Peux-tu revenir plus tard ? Tu as 20 minutes d’avance.

Can you come back later? You are 20 minutes early.

Pouvez-vous revenir plus tard ? Vous êtes en avance de 45 minutes.

Can you come back later? You are 45 minutes early.

In sentences with arriver/commencer/finir/venir, you will use the following idioms to express “being early”:

  • avec [time duration] d’avance
  • [time duration] en avance

Il est arrivé avec dix minutes d’avance.

He arrived ten minutes early.

Ils sont venus une heure en avance.

They came an hour early.

How To Precisely Say That You Are Late

There are two ways to precisely express “being late” in French:

  • avoir [time duration] de retard
  • être en retard de [time duration]

Mon bus a eu cinq minutes de retard.

My bus was five minutes late.

Leur train a été en retard de 2 heures à cause de la tempête.

Their train was 2 hours late because of the storm.

Je pense que je vais avoir 30 minutes de retard.

I think I am going to be 30 minutes late.

Je pense qu’il va être en retard de 45 minutes.

I think he is going to be 45 minutes late.

In sentences with arriver/commencer/finir/venir, you will use the following idioms to express “being late”:

  • avec [time duration] de retard
  • [time duration] en retard

La classe a commencé avec une heure de retard.

The class started an hour late.

La réunion a fini une demi-heure en retard.

The meeting ended half an hour late.

Sentences Overview of How to Precisely Express Punctuality in French

The final section of this lesson on how to precisely express punctuality in French is about seeing the idiom in action.

This is valuable because you can improve your understanding on how to precisely express punctuality in French through examples.

This section contains all of the previous sentences, neatly organised in one place.

Il a dix minutes d’avance.

He is ten minutes early.

Elle est en avance de quinze minutes.

She is fifteen minutes early.

Peux-tu revenir plus tard ? Tu as 20 minutes d’avance.

Can you come back later? You are 20 minutes early.

Pouvez-vous revenir plus tard ? Vous êtes en avance de 45 minutes.

Can you come back later? You are 45 minutes early.

Il est arrivé avec dix minutes d’avance.

He arrived ten minutes early.

Ils sont venus une heure en avance.

They came an hour early.

Mon bus a eu cinq minutes de retard.

My bus was five minutes late.

Leur train a été en retard de 2 heures à cause de la tempête.

Their train was 2 hours late because of the storm.

Je pense que je vais avoir 30 minutes de retard.

I think I am going to be 30 minutes late.

Je pense qu’il va être en retard de 45 minutes.

I think he is going to be 45 minutes late.

La classe a commencé avec une heure de retard.

The class started an hour late.

La réunion a fini une demi-heure en retard.

The meeting ended half an hour late.

Quiz Yourself on How to Precisely Express Punctuality in French

It’s not enough to just read this lesson on how to precisely express punctuality in French.

You should test your knowledge to see if you really understood everything, and to be able to repeat the material.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to download the Anki Decks and practice them.

At the end of every lesson you can do a small test.

You will see the sentences of the previous chapter. It is up to you to give the correct answer.

You will either need to fill in the blanks, choose the correct multiple choice option, or both.

Once you are done the correct answer will be shown.

You can redo the quiz as many times as you want!

Anki File for How to Precisely Express Punctuality in French

It is important to do the Anki excercises for this lesson on how to precisely express punctuality in French

This is so that you can remember what you just studied.

By downloading the Anki File for French A2 you can practice every French A2 lesson that is on Language Atlas.

At this moment the Anki File for this lesson doesn’t exist yet. However, in due time this will be available on Language Atlas.

If you don’t know why you should use Anki, or don’t know how to use Anki or merge Anki files please click here.

Anki can be downloaded from here.

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